Please read the instructions for each of the questions carefully and ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS. It important that you answer all questions, even those you find difficult, because once all the answers from all students are received I do a cluster analysis to determine which people think alike. I cannot do such an analysis if you leave questions (partially) unanswered.
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In this assignment for the course "Environmental Systems Analysis" you will learn more about the use of environmental indicators as a tool for environmental assessments. Indicators provide information on matters of wider significance than what is actually measured or make perceptible a trend or phenomenon that is not immediately detectable. Environmental indicators provide insight into the state and dynamics of the environment.
This assignment consists of three parts:
In the first part you will select the issues and indicators you find most important for environmental assessments. Imagine that this concerns a general environmental assessment and that you need to give your preferences without knowing the exact context, location or scale of the assessment.
In the second part you will develop a scoring method for comparing GHG emissions of a number of countries.
Finally, in the third part you will be asked to determine which indicators are respectively driving force, pressure, state, impact, and response indicators.
Please enter your full name:
Please enter your e-mail address:
How old are you:
Are you male or female?
Did you grow up in a city or in the countryside?
Please select your country of origin:
United States of America
Antigua and Barbuda
Bosnia and Herzegovina
British Indian Ocean Territory
Central African Republic
Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Congo, The Democratic Republic of
Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
French Southern Territories
Heard and Mc Donald Islands
Holy See (Vatican City State)
Korea, Republic of
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
Micronesia, Federated States of
Moldova, Republic of
Northern Mariana Islands
Papua New Guinea
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Sao Tome and Principe
Slovakia (Slovak Republic)
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
St. Pierre and Miquelon
Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands
Syrian Arab Republic
Tanzania, United Republic of
Trinidad and Tobago
Turks and Caicos Islands
United Arab Emirates
United States of America
United States Minor Outlying Islands
Virgin Islands (British)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Wallis and Futuna Islands
Please indicate which issues you find most important for general environmental assessment (enter a number indicating the rank for each of the aspects below, for example 1 Toxification, 2 Air quality, ... , 8 Waste generation; please assign each rank only once):
Please indicate which resources you find most important for a general environmental assessment (enter a number indicating the rank for each of the aspects below whereby 1 is the most important, 2 is the second most important and so on, for example 1 Soil resources, 2 Human health, ... , 8 Atmospheric resources; please assign each rank only once):
Please indicate what you find the best indicators for the issue of acidification (enter a number indicating the rank for each of the aspects below whereby 1 is the best, 2 is the second best and so on, for example 1 SOx, NOx, NH3 emissions, ... , 3 SOx, NOx, NH3 concentrations; please assign each rank only once):
Please indicate what you find the best indicators for the issue of ozone depletion (enter a number indicating the rank for each of the aspects below whereby 1 is the best, 2 is the second best and so on, for example 1 CFC recovery, 2 Halocarbon emissions, ... , 9 Ground-level UV-B radiation; please assign each rank only once):
Please indicate what you find the best indicators for the issue of toxification (enter a number indicating the rank for each of the aspects below whereby 1 is the best, 2 is the second best and so on, for example 1 Emissions of heavy metals, 2 Recovery of hazardous waste, ... , 9 % petrol unleaded; please assign each rank only once):
Please indicate what you find the best way to measure global warming. In other words, what should be monitored to get insight in global warming (enter a number indicating the rank for each of the aspects below whereby 1 is the best, 2 is the second best and so on, for example 1 Mean air temperature, 2 Tropical glacier retreat, ... , 9 Precipitation; please assign each rank only once):
Please find below some data on the emission of Greenhouse Gasses in the EU-15 countries. Emissions are reported in terms of CO2 equivalents for the years 1990 and 1998. CO2 equivalents combine data for CO2, N20 and CH4 emissions in a single figure. The table also provides some data on the Kyoto targets, the population in 1990 and 1998 and the GDP in 1998. Based on the data in this table an interactive exercise is provided below the table.
Based on the data in the above table it is possible to develop an indicator for evaluation of the relative Greenhouse Gasses emission performance of the EU-15 countries. There are various possibilities. For example, it is possible to look at the absolute data or to look at data relative to population or GDP. It is also possible to score countries relative to the Kyoto targets or to some base line value for 1990. In other words, plenty of possibilities. It is your task to experiment with the various indicators provided in the popup menus and to answer the two questions below (questions 7 and 8). Feel free to play with the different indicators and compare them side-by-side by selecting a different indicator for each if the two popup menus.
N.B. Shorter bars are better (lower emissions of Greenhouse Gasses). The bars show the relative performance of the countries.
Please indicate for each of the indicators listed below whether you consider them driving force, pressure, state, impact, or response indicators following the so-called DPSIR model/framework. If you do not know what the DPSIR framework is please consult the reader for this course which contains a paper called "Environmental indicators: Typology and overview" (or download it as a pdf file). The DPSIR framework is explained in that paper.
If you would like to make any comments, please do so here:
Before submitting your answers, please make sure that you completed all questions and filled out the entire form.
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